Faculty and Staff

Stavros Kavouras

Stavros Kavouras

Associate Professor

Director Hydration Science Lab & Program Coordinator

College of Education and Health Professions

(HHPR)-Health, Human Performance, & Recreation

Phone: 479-575-5309

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Dr Stavros Kavouras is an Associate Professor and Director of the Hydration Science Lab at the University of Arkansas & Adjunct Professor in Medicine at the University of Arkansas Medical Sciences, Division of Endocrinology. His lab is studying the mechanisms by which water intake affects health and performance. Dr Kavouras is the author of more than 100 peer review articles and he has given lectures in 28 countries. He is a section Editor of the European Journal of Nutrition and program coordinator for the Exercise Science program. His training includes: Post-doctorate from Yale University, School of Medicine; PhD from the University of Connecticut, and MS from University of Colorado at Colorado Springs. Dr Kavouras is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine & the European College of Sports Science as well as elected member of the American Physiological Society, the American Society of Nutrition, and the Obesity Society.

  • Hydration & Glucose Homeostasis
  • Childhood Nutrition, Hydration & Obesity
  • Hydration Assessment & Biomarkers
  • Fluid/Electrolyte Balance, Thermoregulation & Performance
  • Nutrition and Exercise Performance
  • Thermoregulation & Fluid Balance EXSC 6443
  • Performance and Drugs EXSC 4773
  • Laboratory Techniques EXSC 3533

Post Doc, Yale University - School of Medicine
PhD, University of Connecticut
MS, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs
BS, University of Athens, Greece

Publications:

orcid.org/0000-0001-7485-8112 Orcid ID

http://bit.ly/KavourasPM Pubmed link

http://bit.ly/sk-citation Google Scholar link

(Selected)

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Stamatelopoulos K, Lykka M, Stratakis N, Papamichael C, Sidossis LS. The effect of hypohydration on endothelial function in young healthy adults. Eur J Nutr. In Press

Armstrong LE, Kavouras SA, Walsh NP, Roberts WO. Diagnosing dehydration? Blend evidence with clinical observations. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. In Press

Ferreira-Pêgo C, Nissensohn M, Kavouras SA, Babio N, Serra-Majem L, Martín Águila A, Mauromoustakos A, Álvarez Pérez J, Salas-Salvadó J. Beverage Intake Assessment Questionnaire: Relative Validity and Repeatability in a Spanish Population with Metabolic Syndrome from the PREDIMED-PLUS Study. Nutrients. 2016;8(8).

Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G. Reply to the letter to the editor. Eur J Nutr. 2016 Aug;55(5):1985–7.

Gandy J, Martinez H, Guelinckx I, Moreno LA, Bardosono S, Salas-Salvadó J, Kavouras SA. Relevance of Assessment Methods for Fluid Intake. Ann Nutr Metab. 2016;68 Suppl 2:1–5.

Kavouras SA, Maraki MI, Kollia M, Gioxari A, Jansen LT. Development, reliability and validity of a physical activity questionnaire for estimating energy expenditure in Greek adults. Science & Sports. 2016;31(3):e47–e53.

Kavouras SA, Johnson EC, Bougatsas D, Arnaoutis G, Panagiotakos DB, Perrier E, Klein A. Validation of a urine color scale for assessment of urine osmolality in healthy children. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55: 907–915.

Adams JD, Kavouras SA, Robillard JI, Bardis CN, Johnson EC, Ganio MS, McDermott BP, White MA. Fluid Balance of Adolescent Swimmers During Training. J Strength Cond Res. 2016; 30: 621–625.

Kavouras SA, Johnson EC, Bougatsas D, Arnaoutis G, Panagiotakos DB, Perrier E, Klein A. Validation of a urine color scale for assessment of urine osmolality in healthy children. Eur J Nutr (April 24, 2015). 

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Stratakis N, Likka M, Mitrakou A, Papamichael C, Sidossis LS, Stamatelopoulos K. The effect of hypohydration on endothelial function in young healthy adults. Eur J Nutr (February 10, 2016). 

Adams JD, Kavouras SA, Robillard JI, Bardis CN, Johnson EC, Ganio MS, McDermott BP, White MA. Fluid Balance of Adolescent Swimmers During Training. J Strength Cond Res 30: 621–625, 2016.

Kavouras SA, Johnson EC, Bougatsas D, Arnaoutis G, Panagiotakos DB, Perrier E, Klein A. Validation of a urine color scale for assessment of urine osmolality in healthy children. Eur J Nutr (April 24, 2015). 

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Stratakis N, Likka M, Mitrakou A, Papamichael C, Sidossis LS, Stamatelopoulos K. The effect of hypohydration on endothelial function in young healthy adults. Eur J Nutr (February 10, 2016). 

Adams JD, Kavouras SA, Robillard JI, Bardis CN, Johnson EC, Ganio MS, McDermott BP, White MA. Fluid Balance of Adolescent Swimmers During Training. J Strength Cond Res 30: 621–625, 2016.

Anastasiou CA, Stamatelopoulos A, Dedeilias P, Charitos C, Sidossis LS, Kavouras SA. Intracellular diglycerides in relation to glycaemic control in the myocardium: A pilot study in humans. Diabetes Metab 41: 422–424, 2015.

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Angelopoulou A, Skoulariki C, Bismpikou S, Mourtakos S, Sidossis LS. Fluid Balance During Training in Elite Young Athletes of Different Sports. J Strength Cond Res 29: 3447–3452, 2015.

Ferreira-Pêgo C, Guelinckx I, Moreno LA, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Bardosono S, Abdollahi M, Nasseri E, Jarosz A, Babio N, Salas-Salvadó J. Total fluid intake and its determinants: cross-sectional surveys among adults in 13 countries worldwide. Eur J Nutr 54 Suppl 2: 35–43, 2015.

Guelinckx I, Ferreira-Pêgo C, Moreno LA, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Bardosono S, Abdollahi M, Nasseri E, Jarosz A, Ma G, Carmuega E, Babio N, Salas-Salvadó J. Intake of water and different beverages in adults across 13 countries. Eur J Nutr 54 Suppl 2: 45–55, 2015.

Guelinckx I, Frémont-Marquis AS, Eon E, Kavouras SA, Armstrong LE. Assessing Hydration in Children: From Science to Practice. Ann Nutr Metab 66 Suppl 3: 5–9, 2015.

Guelinckx I, Iglesia I, Bottin JH, De Miguel-Etayo P, González-Gil EM, Salas-Salvadó J, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Bardosono S, Abdollahi M, Nasseri E, Jarosz A, Ma G, Carmuega E, Thiébaut I, Moreno LA. Intake of water and beverages of children and adolescents in 13 countries. Eur J Nutr 54 Suppl 2: 69–79, 2015.

Iglesia I, Guelinckx I, De Miguel-Etayo PM, González-Gil EM, Salas-Salvadó J, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Bardosono S, Abdollahi M, Nasseri E, Jarosz A, Ma G, Carmuega E, Thiébaut I, Moreno LA. Total fluid intake of children and adolescents: cross-sectional surveys in 13 countries worldwide. Eur J Nutr 54 Suppl 2: 57–67, 2015.

McKenzie AL, Munoz CX, Ellis LA, Perrier ET, Guelinckx I, Klein A, Kavouras SA, Armstrong LE. Urine color as an indicator of urine concentration in pregnant and lactating women. Eur J Nutr (November 19, 2015). 

Perrier ET, Armstrong LE, Daudon M, Kavouras SA, Lafontan M, Lang F, Péronnet F, Stookey JD, Tack I, Klein A. From state to process: defining hydration. Obes Facts 7 Suppl 2: 6–12, 2014.

Bardis CN, Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G, Panagiotakos DB, Sidossis LS. Mild dehydration and cycling performance during 5-kilometer hill climbing. J Athl Train 48: 741–747, 2013.

Bardis CN, Kavouras SA, Kosti L, Markousi M, Sidossis LS. Mild hypohydration decreases cycling performance in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 45: 1782–1789, 2013.

Kavouras SA. Thirst: Survival Instinct or Sensitive Fluid Balance Homeostatic Mechanism? Nutrition Today 48: S7–S9, 2013.

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Kotsis YP. Ad Libitum Fluid Intake does not Prevent Dehydration in Sub-optimally Hydrated Young Soccer Players during a Training Session of a Summer Camp. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 23: 245–251, 2013.

Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G. Hydration Status in Active Youth. Nutrition Today 47: S11–S13, 2012.

Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G, Makrillos M, Garagouni C, Nikolaou E, Chira O, Ellinikaki E, Sidossis LS. Educational intervention on water intake improves hydration status and enhances exercise performance in athletic youth. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 22: 684–689, 2012.

Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Christaki I, and Sidossis LS. Water ingestion improves performance compared with mouth rinse in dehydrated subjects. Med Sci Sports Exerc 44: 175-179, 2012.

Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G, and Sidossis LS. Response to letter to the editor by Eric D.B. Goulet. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 21: 865-866, 2011.

Gavrieli A, Yannakoulia M, Fragopoulou E, Margaritopoulos D, Chamberland JP, Kaisari P, Kavouras SA, and Mantzoros CS. Caffeinated Coffee Does Not Acutely Affect Energy Intake, Appetite, or Inflammation but Prevents Serum Cortisol Concentrations from Falling in Healthy Men. Journal of Nutrition 141:703-707, 2011.

Kavouras SA, Anastasiou CA, and Arnaoutis G. Sodium Replacement and Plasma Sodium Drop During Exercise in the Heat When Fluid Intake Matches Fluid Loss - Letter to the Editor. J Athl Train 45: 547-548, 2010.

Kavouras SA and Anastasiou CA. Water physiology. Essentiality, metabolism, and health implications. Nutrition Today 45: S27-S32, 2010.

Kavouras SA, Panagiotakos DB, Pitsavos C, Chrysohoou C, Arnaoutis G, Skoumas Y, and Stefanadis C. Physical Activity and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Increase Total Antioxidant Capacity: The ATTICA Study. Cardiol Res Pract 2011: 248626, 2010.

Armstrong LE, Pumerantz AC, Fiala KA, Roti MW, Kavouras SA, Casa DJ, and Maresh CM. Human hydration indices: acute and longitudinal reference values. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 20: 145-153, 2010.

Anastasiou CA, Kavouras SA, Lentzas Y, Gova A, Sidossis LS, and Melidonis A. Moderate weight loss depletes intramyocellular triglycerides but has no effect on diglycerides in type II diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr 64: 328-330, 2010.

Anastasiou CA, Yannakoulia M, Pirogianni V, Rapti G, Sidossis LS, and Kavouras SA. Fitness and weight cycling in relation to body fat and insulin sensitivity in normal-weight young women. J Am Diet Assoc 110: 280-284, 2010.

Anastasiou CA, Kavouras SA, Arnaoutis G, Gioxari A, Kollia M, Botoula E, and Sidossis LS. Sodium replacement and plasma sodium drop during exercise in the heat when fluid intake matches fluid loss. J Athl Train 44: 117-123, 2009.

Anastasiou CA, Kavouras SA, Lentzas Y, Gova A, Sidossis LS, and Melidonis A. Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased intramyocellular triglyceride, but not diglyceride, content in obese humans. Metabolism 58: 1636-1642, 2009.

Tambalis KD, Panagiotakos DB, Kavouras SA, and Sidossis LS. Responses of Blood Lipids to Aerobic, Resistance, and Combined Aerobic With Resistance Exercise Training: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence. Angiology 60: 614-632, 2009.

Kavouras SA, Sarras SE, Tsekouras YE, and Sidossis LS. Assessment of energy expenditure in children using the RT3 accelerometer. J Sports Sci 26: 959-966, 2008.

Magkos F, Tsekouras Y, Kavouras SA, Mittendorfer B, and Sidossis LS. Improved insulin sensitivity after a single bout of exercise is curvilinearly related to exercise energy expenditure. Clin Sci (Lond) 114: 59-64, 2008.

Pitsavos C, Kavouras SA, Panagiotakos DB, Arapi S, Anastasiou CA, Zombolos S, Stravopodis P, Mantas Y, Kogias Y, Antonoulas A, and Stefanadis C. Physical activity status and acute coronary syndromes survival The GREECS (Greek Study of Acute Coronary Syndromes) study. J Am Coll Cardiol 51: 2034-2039, 2008.

Terzis G, Georgiadis G, Stratakos G, Vogiatzis I, Kavouras S, Manta P, Mascher H, and Blomstrand E. Resistance exercise-induced increase in muscle mass correlates with p70S6 kinase phosphorylation in human subjects. Eur J Appl Physiol 102: 145-152, 2008.

Tsekouras YE, Magkos F, Kavouras SA, Panagiotakos DB, and Sidossis LS. Estimated liver weight is directly related to hepatic very low-density lipoprotein-triglyceride secretion rate in men. Eur J Clin Invest 38: 656-662, 2008.

Tsekouras YE, Magkos F, Kellas Y, Basioukas KN, Kavouras SA, and Sidossis LS. High-intensity interval aerobic training reduces hepatic very low-density lipoprotein-triglyceride secretion rate in men. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 295: E851-858, 2008.

Kavouras SA, Panagiotakos DB, Pitsavos C, Chrysohoou C, Anastasiou CA, Lentzas Y, and Stefanadis C. Physical Activity, Obesity Status, and Glycemic Control: The ATTICA Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39: 606-611, 2007.

Kavouras SA, Magkos F, Yannakoulia M, Perraki M, Karipidou M, Sidossis LS. Water polo is associated with an apparent redistribution of bone mass and density from the lower to the upper limbs. Eur J Appl Physiol 97: 316-321, 2006.

Skenderi KP, Kavouras SA, Anastasiou CA, Yiannakouris N, Matalas AL. Exertional Rhabdomyolysis during a 246-km continuous running race. Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1054-1057, 2006.

Thalmann M, Sodeck GH, Kavouras S, Matalas A, Skenderi K, Yannikouris N, and Domanovits H. Proton pump inhibition prevents gastrointestinal bleeding in ultramarathon runners: a randomized, double blinded, placebo controlled study. Br J Sports Med 40: 359-362, 2006.

Kavouras SA, Armstrong LE, Maresh CM, Casa DJ, Herrera-Soto JA, Scheett TP, Stoppani J, Mack GW, and Kraemer WJ. Rehydration with glycerol: endocrine, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat. J Appl Physiol 100: 442-450, 2006.

Nassis GP, Papantakou K, Skenderi K, Triandafillopoulou M, Kavouras SA, Yannakoulia M, Chrousos GP, and Sidossis LS. Aerobic exercise training improves insulin sensitivity without changes in body weight, body fat, adiponectin, and inflammatory markers in overweight and obese girls. Metabolism 54: 1472-1479, 2005.

Tsekouras YE, Kavouras SA, Campagna A, Kotsis YP, Syntosi SS, Papazoglou K, and Sidossis LS. The anthropometrical and physiological characteristics of elite water polo players. Eur J Appl Physiol 95: 35-41, 2005.

Pitsavos C, Panagiotakos DB, Chrysohoou C, Kavouras S, and Stefanadis C. The associations between physical activity, inflammation, and coagulation markers, in people with metabolic syndrome: the ATTICA study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12: 151-158, 2005.

Magkos F and Kavouras SA. Caffeine use in sports, pharmacokinetics in man, and cellular mechanisms of action. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 45: 535-562, 2005.

Magkos F and Kavouras SA. Caffeine and ephedrine: physiological, metabolic and performance-enhancing effects. Sports Med 34: 871-889, 2004.

Farajian P, Kavouras SA, Yannakoulia M, and Sidossis LS. Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Greek aquatic athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 14: 574-585, 2004.

Anastasiou CA, Kavouras SA, Koutsari C, Georgakakis C, Skenderi K, Beer M, and Sidossis LS. Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 14: 609-625, 2004.

Kavouras SA, Troup JP, and Berning JR. The influence of low versus high carbohydrate diet on a 45-min strenuous cycling exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 14: 62-72, 2004.

Kavouras SA. Assessing hydration status. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 5: 519-524, 2002.

Nagashima K, Wu J, Kavouras SA, and Mack GW. Increased renal tubular sodium reabsorption during exercise-induced hypervolemia in humans. J Appl Physiol 91: 1229-1236, 2001.

Maresh CM, Herrera-Soto JA, Armstrong LE, Casa DJ, Kavouras SA, Hacker FT, Elliott TA, Stoppani J, and Scheett TP. Perceptual responses in the heat after brief intravenous versus oral rehydration. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33: 1039-1045, 2001.

Casa DJ, Maresh CM, Armstrong LE, Kavouras SA, Herrera JA, Hacker FT, Jr., Keith NR, and Elliott TA. Intravenous versus oral rehydration during a brief period: responses to subsequent exercise in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32: 124-133, 2000.

Kenefick RW, Maresh CM, Armstrong LE, Castellani JW, Riebe D, Echegaray ME, and Kavorous SA. Plasma vasopressin and aldosterone responses to oral and intravenous saline rehydration. J Appl Physiol 89: 2117-2122, 2000.

Armstrong LE, Soto JA, Hacker FT, Jr., Casa DJ, Kavouras SA, and Maresh CM. Urinary indices during dehydration, exercise, and rehydration. Int J Sport Nutr 8: 345-355, 1998.

Armstrong LE, Maresh CM, Gabaree CL, Hoffman JR, Kavouras SA, Kenefick RW, Castellani JA, and Ahlquist LE. Thermal and circulatory responses during exercise: Effects of hypohydration, dehydration, and water intake. Journal of Applied Physiology 82: 2028-2035, 1997.

Armstrong LE, Kenefick RW, Castellani JW, Riebe D, Kavouras SA, Kuznicki JT, and Maresh CM. Bioimpedance spectroscopy technique: intra-, extracellular, and total body water. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29: 1657-1663, 1997.

  • Director of Hydration Science Lab
  • Section Editor, European Journal of Nutrition
  • Associate Editor, Frontiers in Nutrition, Sports and Exercise Nutrition Section
  • Dean's Fellow for College of Education and Health Professions (2014-5)
  • Program Coordinator for Exercise Science
  • Member of the American Physiological Society
  • Member of the American Society of Nutrition
  • The Obesity Society

 

  • George Denny Star Faculty Award (2014-5) for outstanding Research, Teaching, Service and Advising, University of Arkansas
  • Outstanding Research Award (2013-4) Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas 
  • Fellow of the European College of Sports Science (2010)
  • Fellow of the American College of Sports Science (2008)  
  • Young Investigator Award (1998) American Physiological Society, Environmental & Exercise Physiology Section